1873  — 1933

Andrew Weir

Presbyterian missionary in Manchuria who worked to develop a genuine indigenous Chinese church.

Born near Cookstown, Northern Ireland, and educated at the Queen’s College, Belfast, Weir was influenced by the Student Volunteer Movement and pledged himself to missionary service in 1898. He arrived in Manchuria in 1899 and served at various centers, including Chaoyang, Kuyushu, and especially Changchun.

After his first wife Eva (Simms) died in 1915, he married fellow missionary Margaret Grills in 1917. Personally humble and self-effacing, Weir was one of the outstanding missionaries of his time. He was interested in evangelism and at the same time opposed to rigid dogma in communicating the gospel. Far more aware than most of his colleagues of the need for a genuinely Chinese church, he worked both for the training of Chinese leadership and for the growth of indigenous church structures.

Besides being responsible for two large districts for much of his missionary career, he had important administrative duties as clerk of the Chinese synod for 27 years and treasurer of the Irish Presbyterian mission. He helped in forming the Church of Christ in China in 1926 and was an influential member of the National Christian Council of China. He died at Changchun in Manchuria.


This article is reprinted from Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions, Macmillan Reference USA, copyright (c) 1998 Gerald H. Anderson, by permission of The Gale Group; Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., Grand Rapids, Michigan. All rights reserved.


  • R. H. Boyd, Waymakers in Manchuria (1940); Austin Fulton, Through Earthquake, Wind, and Fire: Church and Mission in Manchuria, 1867-1950 (1967); A. J. Weir, “China,” in Jack Thompson, ed., Into All the World: A History of the Overseas Work of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1840-1990 (1990); Margaret Weir, Andrew Weir of Manchuria (1936).

About the Author

T. Jack Thompson

Lecturer in Mission Studies, Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland